Debt in Sub-Saharan Africa

Since the cancellation of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries initiative, sub-Saharan African countries have re-debted and their debt composition has become more complex. The Covid-19 crisis exacerbated these vulnerabilities and led the Paris Club and the G20 to implement multilateral initiatives. Beyond the debt service suspension initiative, the Paris Club and the G20 agreed on a common framewor... Lire la suite


World economic outlook in autumn 2021: Catching up at uneven paces

Global activity should rebound significantly in 2021 thanks to vaccination campaigns and fiscal and monetary support measures. The United States would catch up with the 2019 level of activity as early as 2021, while European countries would regain it between the end of 2021 and the end of 2022 depending on the country. World trade would rebound in 2021, supported by the recovery in global activity... Lire la suite